If the Withdrawal Agreement is approved, an EU law (Withdrawal Agreement) will be introduced to transpose the Withdrawal Agreement into UK law. Following the library`s backgrounder, The User`s Guide to the Meaningful Vote, this document provides an updated overview of the national constitutional requirements for the ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulation and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242 and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by the Boris Johnson government was published in the first stage in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme did not find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020.
These concern in particular citizens – Swedes and other EU citizens residing in the UK, as well as Britons here in Sweden. The regulation means that their situation is unlikely to change and that Swedes currently living in the UK will be able to continue to live, work, study and retire there. The agreement covers all issues that affect citizens in their daily lives, i.e. residence rights and social security benefits such as social security, medical and health care, pensions, unemployment insurance, student allowances and various forms of family benefits. The recognition of diplomas and other professional qualifications is also covered. The UK has decided to introduce a system that requires EU citizens to apply for a new residency status, known as “sedentary” or “pre-established”. It is still unclear whether each of the 27 EU members will exercise its discretion under the Withdrawal Agreement to require UK residents to apply for new residency status. The Protocol on Gibraltar shall apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the provisions on citizens` rights, which shall continue thereafter. The Protocol covers the preparation of the application of the civil rights part of the Withdrawal Agreement and allows for the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain agree on this point; establishes cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax, environmental protection and fisheries matters, as well as in police and customs matters. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain at the labour level, including through the use of joint committees in the areas of citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. .