The agreement established two neutral commissions: the Borders Commission and the Claims Commission. However, in September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea a violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it to terminate or suspend the agreement.  In December 2007, an estimated 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the “demilitarized zone” and another 120,000 along the border. Ethiopia had 100,000 soldiers at its side.  Each of the parties submitted applications to the Commission on its own behalf and on behalf of its nationals within one year of the agreement`s entry into force, and, with some exceptions, the Commission should be the only forum for such applications. In appropriate cases, the parties could file claims on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who were not nationals. Each party made available to the Secretary who, on the basis of this evidence, forwarded his findings to eEBC, his claims and his evidence, identifying the parts of the border in which there did not appear to be a dispute between the parties. In the event of disagreement, the parties submitted written and oral submissions directly to the EEBC, as well as any additional evidence. The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, signed on 12 December 2000 in Algiers, Algeria, to formally end the Eritrean-Ethiopian war, a border war waged by the two countries from 1998 to 2000. In that agreement, the two sides reaffirmed the cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 18 June 2000.  One of the six points of the 2018 Eritrea-Ethiopia Summit was respect for the results of the Border Drawing Commission.
The two governments agreed to determine the origins of the conflict by allowing an investigation into incidents in 1997 and 1998 and, earlier, on their shared border. The investigation is being conducted by an independent and impartial body, known as the Ethiopia-Eritrean Border Commission (EEBC) and appointed by the Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), in consultation with the UN Secretary-General and both sides. Following a final decision on border delimitation, the EEBC forwarded its decision to the parties and secretaries-general of the OAU and the UN, and the EEBC would make a distinction. The parties agreed that the EEBC boundary and delimitation rules were final and binding. Each party is agreed to respect the limit thus defined as well as the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other party.